Study links epigenetic changes to historic trauma in Alaska Native communities Sep 7, 2023 7:00 pm666 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Researchers investigated the relationship between historical traumatic events experienced by Alaska Native communities and epigenetic markers on genes that previous studies have linked to trauma. The new study found a similar pattern among Alaska Native participants, with specific epigenetic differences observed in those who reported experiencing the most intense symptoms of distress when reflecting on historic losses. The study also found that individuals who strongly identified with their Alaska Native heritage and participated in cultural activities generally reported better well-being. The new findings are detailed in the International Journal of Health Equity. U. of I. alum Joanne Lee Molinaro – ‘The Korean Vegan’ – to give talk, cooking demo on campus Sep 7, 2023 9:00 am478 views Joanne Lee Molinaro, known as “The Korean Vegan,” gained fame through her TikTok videos and now is a best-selling cookbook author. She’ll be on campus at Krannert Center for the Performing Arts as part of the PYGMALION Festival. IKIDS child health research gets another boost in funding Sep 5, 2023 8:00 am524 views Seven years after an initial $17.9 million award from the National Institutes of Health, the Illinois Kids Development Study at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign will receive approximately $13.7 million – awarded in two phases – to continue its work for another seven years. The money coming to Illinois is part of a national collaborative effort to explore how environmental exposures influence child development, cognition, growth and health. New paper points to better way to assess noncognitive abilities Sep 5, 2023 8:00 am452 views New research led by Bo Zhang, a professor of labor and employment relations and of psychology at Illinois, points to a better way of assessing noncognitive abilities such as personality and career interests. Illini Union Art Gallery exhibition to feature photographs of Mexican Muralism Sep 1, 2023 2:00 pm1128 views An exhibition at the Illini Union Art Gallery during September will feature photographs of artwork from the Mexican Muralism movement. T-cells infiltrate brain, cause respiratory distress in condition affecting the immunocompromised Aug 30, 2023 10:00 am329 views When an immunocompromised person’s system begins to recover and produce more white blood cells, it’s usually a good thing – unless they develop C-IRIS, a potentially deadly inflammatory condition. New research from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign has found that the pulmonary distress often associated with C-IRIS is caused not by damage to the lungs, but by newly populated T-cells infiltrating the brain. Knowing this mechanism of action can help researchers and physicians better understand the illness and provide new treatment targets. Illinois professor examines the overlooked role of food in civil rights struggle Aug 30, 2023 8:30 am738 views African American studies professor Bobby J. Smith II tells the overlooked story of how food was used as both a weapon and a tool of resistance during the Civil Rights Movement in his new book “Food Power Politics: The Food Story of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement.” 2023 spring semester graduates, Dean's List and Bronze Tablet honorees named Aug 29, 2023 8:00 am17458 views The University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign has announced 8,209 Dean’s List students, 253 Bronze Tablet honorees and more than 10,500 graduates for the 2023 spring semester. Marie Watt retrospective at Krannert Art Museum builds community through art and storytelling Aug 28, 2023 11:00 am225 views Krannert Art Museum is hosting a traveling exhibition of the prints of artist Marie Watt, whose work draws on pop culture, mythology and her Native American and European ancestry. What explains labor strife among US workers? Aug 28, 2023 10:30 am203 views President Biden has been heralded as the most pro-labor president ever, but the state of U.S. labor and the labor movement in 2023 is “very agitated,” reflecting decades of stagnant wage increases and deteriorating job quality, says Robert Bruno, a professor of labor and employment relations at Illinois. Families with a team mindset strengthened their bonds during COVID-19 pandemic Aug 25, 2023 8:30 am424 views Families that perceived themselves as members of a team working for their collective benefit were more likely to improve their family's well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic, U. of I. professor Allen W. Barton found in a new study. What prompted tropical cyclone Hilary’s unusual path? Aug 24, 2023 11:30 am400 views Hilary was the first tropical storm to hit California in 84 years. Atmospheric sciences professor Deanna Hence spoke with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian about what made this storm unique and if the Southwest U.S. should expect more like it in the future. Does new Illinois law allow non-citizens to become law enforcement officers? Aug 18, 2023 8:00 am1765 views A new Illinois law that expands the eligibility for law enforcement jobs to non-U.S. citizens such as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program participants is mostly aspirational since DACA recipients aren’t legally allowed to possess firearms, says Lauren R. Aronson, a clinical professor and the director of the Immigration Law Clinic at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign College of Law. Illinois professor describes how whaling shaped U.S. culture even after petroleum replaced it Aug 14, 2023 12:30 pm479 views University of Illinois English professor Jamie L. Jones examines the massive energy transition from whale oil to fossil fuels and the continuing influence of the dying industry of whaling in her new book “Rendered Obsolete: The Afterlife of U.S. Whaling in the Petroleum Age.” How will a new Illinois law help with teaching the history of Native Americans in the state? Aug 10, 2023 11:45 am850 views A new law requiring Illinois public schools to teach Native American history will help students learn about the Indigenous people who originally occupied the land, as well as the contemporary Native American community in the state, says Illinois history professor Rosalyn LaPier. Study: People expect others to mirror their own selfishness, generosity Aug 7, 2023 8:00 am3279 views New research shows that a person’s own behavior is the primary driver of how they treat others during brief, zero-sum-game competitions. Generous people tend to reward generous behavior and selfish individuals often punish generosity and reward selfishness – even when it costs them personally. The study found that an individual’s own generous or selfish deeds carry more weight than the attitudes and behaviors of others. Sharpe named dean of U. of I. College of Law Aug 3, 2023 1:30 pm2304 views Jamelle Sharpe has been named the 14th dean of the College of Law, pending approval by the U. of I. Board of Trustees. GABA receptors in brain could be targets to treat depression and its cognitive symptoms Aug 3, 2023 10:00 am876 views A new paper spanning known data about the neurotransmitter GABA and its principal receptors showcases evidence of the receptors’ importance in depression and potential as therapeutic targets. Based on evidence from research on the receptors’ function in the brain and the drugs that can activate or inhibit them, the authors propose possible mechanisms by which GABA-modulating treatments could help address the cognitive and affective symptoms associated with depression. CAR-T immune therapy attacks ovarian cancer in mice with a single dose Aug 1, 2023 12:45 pm743 views CAR-T immune therapies could be effective against solid tumors if the right targets are identified, a new study led by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign researchers suggests. The researchers successfully deployed CAR-T in a mouse model of ovarian cancer, a type of aggressive, solid-tumor cancer that has eluded such therapies until now. What does the film 'Oppenheimer' tell us about the development of the atomic bomb? Aug 1, 2023 9:45 am2561 views “Oppenheimer” examines the process of building an organization of unprecedented scale and wrestles with how to see one individual’s decisions as relevant in the face of such a massive system, says Kevin Hamilton, the dean of the College of Fine and Applied Arts and the co-author of a book about the film studio that documented nuclear testing for the U.S. government. Team identifies key driver of cancer cell death pathway that activates immune cells Jul 31, 2023 9:00 am1839 views Scientists have identified a protein that plays a critical role in the action of several emerging cancer therapies. The researchers say the discovery will likely aid efforts to fine-tune the use of immunotherapies against several challenging cancers. They report their findings in the journal Cancer Research. How can cities use green spaces to mitigate the effects of extreme heat on vulnerable residents? Jul 25, 2023 9:15 am579 views High-quality trees and other vegetation in cities can help reduce temperatures and provide shade for residents, says University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign urban and regional planning professor Fang Fang. Should President Biden intervene in potential UPS strike? Jul 25, 2023 8:00 am384 views President Biden would likely alienate a key constituency ahead of the 2024 presidential election cycle if he used his presidential powers to intervene in a potential UPS strike, says Michael LeRoy, an expert in labor law at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. What’s at stake in Hollywood labor strikes? Jul 18, 2023 8:00 am662 views Strikes by Hollywood writers and actors are driven by the “existential concerns” posed by the proliferation of streaming services and the rise of artificial intelligence, says Michael LeRoy, an expert in labor law at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. What does the recent rebellion by armed forces in Russia mean for Putin’s future? Jul 12, 2023 1:15 pm536 views Russian president Vladimir Putin weathered a recent insurrection by the Wagner mercenary group, but the crisis has damaged his standing, said Illinois professor of Slavic languages and literatures Richard Tempest. Paper: CEO stock ownership affects medical device recall timing Jul 11, 2023 8:00 am733 views Firms whose chief executive officers also own company stock often delay the decision to recall faulty medical devices until long after they become aware of a defect, says research co-written by Ujjal Kumar Mukherjee, a professor of business administration at the Gies College of Business at Illinois. New book explores the psychology of being duped Jul 11, 2023 12:15 am787 views According to two psychologists who study memory and perception, fraudsters tend to exploit the common habits of thought and decision-making that make us susceptible – and often oblivious – to their fabrications. Their book, “Nobody’s Fool: Why We Get Taken In and What We Can Do About It,” gives readers an overview of dozens of types of scams, hoaxes and strategies used by cheaters to deceive, and explains how to evaluate their ploys and avoid becoming a victim. Team develops all-species coronavirus test Jul 6, 2023 11:00 am695 views In an advance that will help scientists track coronavirus variants in wild and domesticated animals, researchers report they can now detect exposure to the SARS-CoV-2 virus in any animal species. Most coronavirus antibody tests require specialized chemical reagents to detect host antibody responses against the virus in each species tested, impeding research across species. Fast, automated, affordable test for cement durability Jul 5, 2023 7:30 am2315 views Engineers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have developed a new test that can predict the durability of cement in seconds to minutes – rather than the hours it takes using current methods. The test measures the behavior of water droplets on cement surfaces using computer vision on a device that costs less than $200. The researchers said the new study could help the cement industry move toward rapid and automated quality control of their materials. Displays controlled by flexible fins and liquid droplets more versatile, efficient than LED screens Jun 30, 2023 1:00 pm986 views Flexible displays that can change color, convey information and even send veiled messages via infrared radiation are now possible, thanks to new research from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Engineers inspired by the morphing skins of animals like chameleons and octopuses have developed capillary-controlled robotic flapping fins to create switchable optical and infrared light multipixel displays that are 1,000 times more energy efficient than light-emitting devices. Are honey bees, wild bees still in trouble? Jun 29, 2023 8:00 am1197 views A new report reveals that U.S. beekeepers lost roughly half of the honey bees they managed last year. In an interview, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign entomology professor Adam Dolezal describes the current status of bees in the U.S. Paper: Air pollution via wildfire smoke takes toll on labor markets Jun 27, 2023 8:00 am709 views A new paper co-written by team of U. of I. researchers analyzes how air pollution via the effects of drifting wildfire smoke impacts the U.S. labor market. Lean body mass, age linked with alcohol elimination rates in women Jun 26, 2023 11:45 am1314 views Women with greater lean body mass, including those with obesity or who are older, eliminate alcohol from their system faster than those of normal weight or who are younger, says research by a team at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Ancient katydid fossil reveals muscles, digestive tract, glands and a testicle Jun 26, 2023 8:00 am889 views 50 million years ago in what is now northwestern Colorado, a katydid died, sank to the bottom of a lake and was quickly buried in fine sediments, where it remained until its compressed fossil was recovered in recent years. When researchers examined the fossil under a microscope, they saw that not only had many of the insect’s hard structures been preserved in the compressed shale, so had several internal organs and tissues, which are not normally fossilized. What is the state of underwater geolocation technology? Jun 23, 2023 9:15 am1091 views The loss of OceanGate's Titan submersible this week has triggered questions about how underwater craft navigate and how these vehicles can improve their geolocation abilities. Electrical and computer engineering professor Viktor Gruev spoke with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian about the current state of the science behind underwater geolocation, and some advances his team is working on now. Cave excavation pushes back the clock on early human migration to Laos Jun 21, 2023 9:45 am1284 views Fifteen years of archaeological work in the Tam Pa Ling cave in northeastern Laos has yielded a reliable chronology of early human occupation of the site, scientists report in the journal Nature Communications. The team’s excavations through the layers of sediments and bones that gradually washed into the cave and were left untouched for tens of thousands of years reveals that humans lived in the area for at least 70,000 years – and likely even longer. Cannabis use lower among Illinois teens living in ZIP codes with medical dispensaries Jun 20, 2023 8:30 am852 views Teens who live in Illinois ZIP codes with medical cannabis dispensaries are significantly less likely to use the drug, researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign found in a new study. University Library taking precautions with Victorian-era books that may have heavy metal-based pigments Jun 15, 2023 12:45 pm2490 views The Heavy Metals Project of the University Library will survey the 19th-century books in the Library’s collection and test those with their original cloth-covered bindings to determine if they contain traces of heavy metals in the pigments used for the covers. Healthy sex life during pandemic tied to an array of sexual coping strategies Jun 15, 2023 9:15 am5896 views Some people's sex lives sizzled, while others' fizzled, early in the COVID-19 pandemic. New research by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign scholar Liza Berdychevsky may explain why. Geologists challenge conventional view of Earth’s continental history, stability with new study Jun 12, 2023 10:00 am1229 views The seemingly stable regions of the Earth’s continental plates – the so-called stable cratons – have suffered repetitive deformation below their crust since their formation in the remote past, according to new research from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. This hypothesis defies decades of conventional plate tectonics theory and begs to answer why most cratons have remained structurally stable while their underbellies have experienced significant change. Illinois researchers, Native American tribes working together to curate, increase access to oral histories Jun 12, 2023 9:00 am1139 views Researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign are part of the Doris Duke Native Oral History Revitalization Project, which aims to make ethnographic materials collected from Native American tribes accessible online and to return materials to those communities. Team finds reliable predictor of plant species persistence, coexistence Jun 8, 2023 8:30 am588 views Like many ecological scientists, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign plant biology professor James O’Dwyer has spent much of his career searching for ways to measure and predict how specific plant communities will fare over time. Which species in a diverse population will persist and coexist? Which will decline? What factors might contribute to continuing biodiversity?In a new study reported in the journal Nature, O’Dwyer and his colleague, U. of I. graduate student Kenneth Jops, report the development of a method for determining whether pairs or groups of plant species are likely to coexist over time. Changing police culture with stories of wrongful convictions Jun 8, 2023 8:00 am1636 views I’m in a room with more than 100 police recruits and I can’t believe what I’m hearing. The future police officers are learning about the devastating consequences of criminal prosecutions gone wrong. These aren’t just abstract stories. More than a dozen exonerees are here to share their stories with the police recruits. Five Urbana-Champaign faculty members honored as University Scholars Jun 7, 2023 4:15 pm1453 views Five University of Illinois professors at the Urbana-Champaign campus have been named University Scholars in recognition of their excellence in teaching, scholarship and service. Mechanical engineers lend fresh insight into battery-based desalination technology Jun 7, 2023 11:45 am1538 views To achieve more effective saltwater desalination, mechanical engineers focused on fluid movement rather than new materials in a new study. By adding microchannels to the inside of battery-like electrodes made of Prussian blue – an intense blue pigment often used in art that also has special chemical properties – researchers increased the extent of seawater desalination five times over their non-channeled counterparts to reach salinity levels below the freshwater threshold. Krannert Center for the Performing Arts announces performances for its 2023-24 season Jun 6, 2023 9:00 am1224 views A wide range of artists will perform during Krannert Center for the Performing Arts’ 2023-24 season, which opens with the 10th year of ELLNORA: The Guitar Festival. Imaging agents light up two cancer biomarkers at once to give more complete picture of tumor Jun 5, 2023 11:00 am1209 views Cancer surgeons may soon have a more complete view of tumors during surgery thanks to new imaging agents that can illuminate multiple biomarkers at once, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign researchers report. The fluorescent nanoparticles, wrapped in the membranes of red blood cells, target tumors better than current clinically approved dyes and can emit two distinct signals in response to just one beam of surgical light, a feature that could help doctors distinguish tumor borders and identify metastatic cancers. Webb Space Telescope detects universe’s most distant complex organic molecules Jun 5, 2023 10:00 am4166 views Researchers have detected complex organic molecules in a galaxy more than 12 billion light-years away from Earth – the most distant galaxy in which these molecules are now known to exist. Thanks to the capabilities of the recently launched James Webb Space Telescope and careful analyses from the research team, a new study lends critical insight into the complex chemical interactions that occur in the first galaxies in the early universe. Following in the footsteps of early 20th century naturalist Elizabeth Kerr Jun 5, 2023 8:00 am759 views Trek through Colombia with graduate student Juliana Soto, who, with her all-female team of Colombian ornithologists, revisits landscapes to study and document the birds of the region. In preparing for the expedition, Soto discovered the work of naturalist Elizabeth Kerr, who in the early 20th century collected wild bird specimens in Colombia for the American Museum of Natural History. Study tracks social, genetic evolution in Asian colobine primates Jun 1, 2023 1:00 pm466 views Asian colobines, also known as leaf-eating monkeys, have been on the planet for about 10 million years. Their ancestors crossed land bridges, dispersed across continents, survived the expansion and contraction of ice sheets and learned to live in tropical, temperate and colder climes. A new study reported in the journal Science finds parallels between Asian colobines’ social, environmental and genetic evolution, revealing for the first time that colobines living in colder regions experienced genetic changes and alterations to their ancient social structure that likely enhanced their ability to survive.