blog postsWill the Supreme Court soon be policing your speech?Nov 20, 2020 11:00 am3524 views Last week Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito delivered a politically-charged speech to the conservative Federalist Society. He denounced same-sex marriage, bemoaned the loss of religious freedom in America, complained that the Covid-19 pandemic gave government unprecedented control over our lives, and lashed out at experts influencing public policy. Justice Alito also reminded his sympathetic audience of the dangers to the First Amendment posed by the “growing hostility to the expression of unfashionable views” on campus or in the office. His one example: “You can’t say that marriage is the union between one man and one woman.” In June, Alito dissented from a Court opinion upholding the rights of gay and transgender employees. In a section of his dissent headed “Freedom of Speech,” he attacked laws and regulations targeting language discrimination, citing what he considered two blatant First Amendment violations: a New York City’s human rights law that makes ignoring someone’s pronoun a punishable offense; and unspecified college regulations that require the use of singular they or coined gender pronouns like xe, zie, and hir. These rules encourage the use of inclusive language, but Alito implied he would welcome litigation asserting the First Amendment defense, “You can’t make me say your pronouns.”There are no pronouns in the Nineteenth AmendmentAug 12, 2020 12:00 pm2245 views The Nineteenth Amendment reads, The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. It was ratified 100 years ago, on Aug. 18, 1920 – in time for more than eight million women to vote in the presidential election that year. There are no pronouns in the Nineteenth Amendment. There are two reasons for this: The amendment, originally proposed in 1878, mirrors the language of the 15th Amendment, ratified in 1870, which extended voting rights to African Americans, and which has no pronouns. Pronouns are ambiguous, especially gender pronouns, especially in the law. Pronouns on TV: pop culture meets inclusive languageAug 1, 2020 11:45 am1043 views You know that gender pronouns like hie and zie are a thing when they start showing up in TV dramas. If you haven’t noticed them, never fear, for I, your professor of pronouns, will now enlighten you. Let’s start with hen. It’s Swedish, not English, but be patient, because there’s an English tie-in at the end. Heer, hiser, himer: Pronouns in the news, 1912 editionJul 25, 2020 1:30 pm613 views On January 7, 1912, a headline in the Chicago Tribune breathlessly announced, “Mrs. Ella Young Invents Pronoun . . . Makes Principals Gasp.” Ella Flagg Young, Superintendent of Chicago’s public schools, told the Tribune she thought up what she called the “duo-personal” pronouns he’er, his’er, and him’er as she walked to a meeting with school principals. The story went viral. Then it unraveled.The oldest genderless pronouns are lo and zo, for French, and e, es, em, for EnglishJul 16, 2020 1:00 pm1148 views In 1765, Joachim Faiguet de Villeneuve invented two genderless third-person pronouns, lo (singular) and zo (plural), for an artificial language that he called Langue nouvelle, or ‘new language.’ English didn’t catch up until 1841, when Francis Augustus Brewster coined e, es, and em.Verbing pronounsApr 20, 2020 10:00 am1197 views Nonbinary singular they has become so normal that people now want to know the rules for how to use it. Which is right, they is or they are? Is the reflexive themself or themselves? Even if your answer is, “Wait, what rules? There are no rules,” the fact that anybody’s asking is all the proof we need that English pronouns are continuing to change. Here’s the latest change: as we see in this tweet from the British writer and gender activist, Shon Faye, nonbinary singular they has become a verb: A trans man described his period of identifying as nonbinary to me the other day as “I was they/themming at the time.”Gender conceal: Did you know that pronouns can also hide someone's gender?Nov 9, 2019 4:15 pm2957 views Gender reveals have been exploding in the news recently, but there are also a growing number of gender conceals—using a pronoun to hide someone’s gender. Historically, two English pronouns have been used to mask a person’s gender: it and they. But so far the definitions of it and they don’t include the gender conceal. First let’s look at they. The Oxford English Dictionary lists three senses for singular they: referring collectively to members of a group (everyone, everybody) referring to an individual generically or indefinitely (someone, a person, the student) referring to someone who is nonbinary or gender-nonconforming (Sam Smith’s pronouns are they and them). I think it’s time to add a fourth sense: referring to someone whose gender needs to be concealed (the whistleblower…they). Teachers' pronounsOct 22, 2019 12:15 pm10332 views I’m a teacher; my pronoun is _______. If you answered, My pronoun is they, you’ve done nothing wrong. Yes, teachers are expected to model good grammar as well as teach it—sometimes the job depends on it—but no matter what you’ve been told before, singular they is grammatically correct, and the American Psychological Society’s influential Publication Manual (7e) is the latest authority to agree. The APA manual stresses correct grammar in writing, and it approves the use of they, them, their, themselves, and even themself, when an individual’s pronouns are unknown or irrelevant. Teachers have a reputation for stressing grammatical correctness, but the last time the National Education Association had a style manual, back in 1974, it didn’t even consider singular they as an option. At the time, Mildred Fenner, editor of Today’s Education, reported that for many years the NEA journal used generic she for teachers because most teachers were women. But in the 1960s men began to complain that expressions like the teacher . . . she were responsible for teachers’ poor public image and their low salaries. One man objected at an NEA meeting that generic she was both bad English and a bad look for the profession. . . .The Song of Singular theySep 14, 2019 1:15 pm1389 views When the singer Sam Smith announced on Instagram that their pronouns were they, them—which got more than half a million likes in less than a day—the Oscar and Grammy winner acknowledged “there will be many mistakes and mis gendering but all I ask is you please please try.” Smith was correct that there would be some misgendering. In reporting the story, CNN, the BBC, and the Guardian all referred to Smith as “they,” but over the course of a 5-sentence story the Associated Press called Smith “he” and “his” seven times. A Brief History of Singular 'they'Jul 30, 2018 12:15 pm15471 views Singular they has become the pronoun of choice to replace he and she in cases where the gender of the antecedent—the word the pronoun refers to—is unknown, irrelevant, or nonbinary, or where gender needs to be concealed. It’s the word we use for sentences like Everyone loves their mother. But that’s nothing new. The Oxford English Dictionary traces singular they back to 1375 . . .