blog posts How can the world prevent emerging infectious diseases, protect food security? Jul 20, 2021 8:45 am901 views According to a new report co-written by Illinois Natural History Survey postdoctoral researcher Valeria Trivellone, climate change, poverty, urbanization, land-use change and the exploitation of wildlife all contribute to the emergence of new infectious diseases, which, in turn, threaten global food security. Trivellone spoke with News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about how global authorities can tackle these intertwined challenges. 2020 deadlier than previous five years, even with COVID-19 numbers removed, study finds Jul 19, 2021 1:30 pm1825 views An upswing in death rates from non-COVID-19 causes in 2020 hit hard for men ages 15-64, according to a new study by computer science professor Sheldon H. Jacobson and internal medicine professor Janet Jokela. Chemical reactions break free from energy barriers using flyby trajectories Jul 15, 2021 10:45 am1646 views A new study shows that it is possible to use mechanical force to deliberately alter chemical reactions and increase chemical selectivity – a grand challenge of the field. Study: Idea sharing increases online learner engagement Jul 14, 2021 8:00 am1030 views Online learning engagement can be increased by nearly one-third by simply prompting students to share course ideas instead of personal details. New book contends that local newspapers bear brunt of news media's increasing elitism Jul 6, 2021 11:15 am1381 views A new book by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor Nikki Usher examines the market failure of local newspapers in the context of larger U.S. problems such as rising social inequality, geographic polarization and political discord. In “News for the Rich, White, and Blue: How Place and Power Distort American Journalism,” Usher posits that newspapers are becoming more focused on serving wealthy, white and politically liberal news consumers. University of Illinois receives APLU award for COVID-19 testing program Jul 1, 2021 2:00 pm2349 views The University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign has received the inaugural Research Response to Community Crisis Award from the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities for its COVID-19 testing program. Where have all the entry-level professional jobs gone? Jul 1, 2021 8:15 am912 views Various economic and political forces are reducing job opportunities for new professionals and discouraging some entering these fields or staying in the U.S. after they earn their degrees, says sociology professor Kevin Leicht. Illinois artist's virtual 'Museum of Us' lets everyone tell their stories Jul 1, 2021 7:45 am725 views Art education professor Jorge Lucero created a virtual “Museum of Us” in which participants created a cabinet of curiosities by displaying objects that are important to them. Frequent COVID-19 testing key to efficient, early detection, study finds Jun 30, 2021 8:30 am1479 views The chance of detecting the virus that causes COVID-19 increases with more frequent testing, no matter the type of test, a new study found. Both polymerase chain reaction and antigen tests, paired with rapid results reporting, can achieve 98% sensitivity if deployed at least every three days. How do July 4 celebrations affect wildlife? Jun 30, 2021 8:00 am2209 views Celebrating the nation’s Independence Day with fireworks is an enduring tradition, but fireworks can be a source of distress and danger to wildlife. Dr. Sam Sander, a clinical professor of zoo and wildlife medicine at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, spoke with News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about how fireworks affect wildlife and the environment, and how to minimize the risks. Consistent bedtime routines in infancy improve children's sleep habits through age 2 Jun 29, 2021 1:45 pm524 views Consistent bedtime routines and activities such as reading books beginning when infants are 3 months old promote better sleep habits through age 2, according to a study by researchers at the Family Resiliency Center. Light-harvesting nanoparticle catalysts show promise in quest for renewable carbon-based fuels Jun 24, 2021 1:00 pm1488 views Researchers demonstrated that small amounts of useful molecules such as hydrocarbons form when CO2 and water react in the presence of light and a silver nanoparticle catalyst, possibly paving the way for industrial-scale production of renewable carbon-based fuels. DNAzymes could outperform protein enzymes for genetic engineering Jun 24, 2021 8:15 am1262 views Move over, gene-editing proteins – there’s a smaller, cheaper, more specific genetic engineering tool on the block: DNAzymes – small DNA molecules that can function like protein enzymes. Researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have developed a technique that, for the first time, allows DNAzymes to target and cut double-stranded DNA, overcoming a significant limitation of the technology. Cancer survivors' tongues less sensitive to tastes than those of healthy peers Jun 23, 2021 9:15 am845 views Head and neck cancer survivors' tongues are less sensitive to bitter, salty and sweet tastes, and this taste dysfunction lasts for years, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign scientists found in a new study. Are generous unemployment benefits to blame for worker shortages? Jun 23, 2021 8:00 am1513 views As the COVID-19 pandemic recedes and employers look to restart businesses at full capacity, workers have leverage that they’re using to temporarily stay out of the labor market in certain industries, says U. of I. labor expert Robert Bruno. Combining three techniques boosts brain-imaging precision Jun 23, 2021 7:00 am893 views Researchers have developed a method to combine three brain-imaging techniques to more precisely capture the timing and location of brain responses to a stimulus. In pursuit of Indiana bats Jun 22, 2021 8:00 am702 views An hour before the sun goes down, my colleagues and I arrive at our site: a human-made pond in the middle of the forest. The high-pitched croaking of Cope's gray treefrogs greets us as we get out of our truck. Surrounded by trees and full of salamanders, these ponds are an essential water resource for our forest-dependent bats. We do a brief survey of the site, then set up our mist nets around the pond’s perimeter. We’re hoping to catch our target species – the Indiana bat, Myotis sodalis. Are the ultrawealthy breaking the law in avoiding taxes? Jun 16, 2021 8:00 am614 views An annual wealth tax could curb tax avoidance among the ultrawealthy, a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign tax policy expert says. Model helps predict, analyze decision-making on adopting Type 2 diabetes medical guidelines Jun 14, 2021 8:45 am909 views A new computational framework incorporates social interactions to analyze how best to communicate about new medical guidelines to encourage their adoption. Nine Illinois students, recent graduates offered Fulbright grants Jun 14, 2021 8:00 am2224 views Nine University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign students and recent graduates were offered Fulbright grants to pursue international education, research and teaching experiences. The Fulbright student program will fund approximately 2,200 U.S. citizens to travel abroad for the 2021-22 academic year. Are we experiencing another unaccompanied child 'crisis' at the southern US border? Jun 11, 2021 9:00 am474 views There’s no easy solution to the problem of unaccompanied migrant children at the southern U.S. border, a U. of I. expert says. Cholesterol metabolite induces production of cancer-promoting vesicles Jun 9, 2021 8:00 am706 views Scientists report that a byproduct of cholesterol metabolism causes some cells to send out cancer-promoting signals to other cells. These signals are packaged in membrane-bound compartments called extracellular vesicles. Children's book by U of I students teaches third graders about automotive engineering Jun 7, 2021 10:45 am3717 views A new book written and illustrated by two recent alumnae of the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign introduces third graders to the nuts and bolts of automotive mechanics and engineering. Why do we need a health care equity law? Jun 3, 2021 8:30 am754 views The Illinois Health Care and Human Services Reform Act has potential to address root causes of health disparities and foster health equity through provisions such as implicit bias training and community health workers, says Illinois professor Ruby Mendenhall. Beneficial arthropods find winter sanctuary in uncultivated field edges, study finds Jun 3, 2021 8:00 am1055 views Many species of ground-dwelling beetles, ladybugs, hoverflies, damsel bugs, spiders and parasitic wasps kill and eat pest species that routinely plague farmers, including aphids and corn rootworm larvae and adults. But the beneficial arthropods that live in or near cropped lands also are susceptible to insecticides and other farming practices that erase biodiversity on the landscape. A new study reveals that beneficial arthropods are nearly twice as abundant and diverse in uncultivated field edges in the spring as they are in areas that are cropped – if those field edges are rich in an array of flowers and other broad-leaved plants and not just mowed grass. Passes for 22nd annual 'Ebertfest' on sale June 7 Jun 2, 2021 9:00 am1093 views Passes for the 22nd annual Ebertfest will go on sale June 7. Festival passes cover all of the screenings during the festival, which runs Sept. 8-11 at the Virginia Theatre in Champaign, Ill. What does the Chicago Tribune sale mean for the future of newsrooms? Jun 2, 2021 8:00 am1421 views As more newspapers are purchased by “vulture” hedge funds – highlighted by the recent acquisition of Tribune Publishing Co. by Alden Global Capital LLC – University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor Brant Houston touts nonprofit news organizations as a viable alternative to traditional newspaper business models. Illinois architecture professor awarded Graham Foundation grant Jun 1, 2021 11:15 am875 views Architecture professor emerita T.F. Tierney will examine the role that federal lending practices played in maintaining racially segregated suburbs. Illinois students, recent graduates receive foreign language scholarships May 28, 2021 8:00 am839 views Five University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign students and recent graduates were awarded U.S. Department of State Critical Language Scholarships to study foreign languages this summer. A sixth student was offered a Boren Scholarship to continue her foreign language studies. Taking a cicada road trip May 27, 2021 8:00 am1184 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. – A tough semester and an even tougher year have just ended. I need a break. I’m fully vaccinated and want to escape the yearlong lockdown. And I’m an entomologist. What do I do? I grab my best friend, also an entomologist, and we hit the road, of course. This is the year of my people’s “Woodstock.” Geology helps map kidney stone formation from tiny to troublesome May 25, 2021 1:00 pm1562 views Advanced microscope technology and cutting-edge geological science are giving new perspectives to an old medical mystery: How do kidney stones form, why are some people more susceptible to them and can they be prevented? Study examines how pandemic-related changes affect college students’ motivation May 25, 2021 8:00 am1322 views Some at-risk college students' motivation increased while living at home and learning remotely during the pandemic, despite concerns many would be negatively affected, researchers at the U. of I. found in a new study. Study: Fluorescent light clarifies relationship between heat stress and crop yield May 24, 2021 9:15 am941 views Scientists report that it is possible to detect and predict heat damage in crops by measuring the fluorescent light signature of plant leaves experiencing heat stress. If collected via satellite, this fluorescent signal could support widespread monitoring of growth and crop yield under the heat stress of climate change, the researchers say. Solid-state batteries line up for better performance May 20, 2021 10:00 am3305 views Solid-state batteries pack a lot of energy into a small space, but their electrodes are not good at keeping in touch with their electrolytes. Liquid electrolytes reach every nook and cranny of an electrode to spark energy, but liquids take up space without storing energy and fail over time. Researchers are now putting solid electrolytes in touch with electrodes made of strategically arranged materials – at the atomic level – and the results are helping drive better solid-state battery technologies. Why has violence erupted now between Israelis and Palestinians? May 20, 2021 9:15 am1283 views A leadership vacuum and political maneuvering by both Israel and the Palestinians are fueling the violence between the two, said Rachel S. Harris, a professor in the Program in World and Comparative Literature and in The Program in Jewish Culture and Society. Nudges for default decisions influenced by time constraints, study says May 19, 2021 8:00 am723 views The default option is an easy way to “nudge” people toward a decision, but new research co-written by University of Illinois Distinguished Fellow in psychology Benjamin X. White finds that time constraints can play an important role in influencing decisions. Media advisory: Illinois undergraduates featured in television series 'The College Tour' May 19, 2021 8:00 am799 views Eleven students from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign will be featured in an edition of “The College Tour,” a television series that gives admitted and prospective students the opportunity to tour campuses virtually and learn about academic and extracurricular experiences available to undergraduates. This advisory is distributed on behalf of the public affairs unit in the Office of Public Affairs. Catching bats for conservation May 18, 2021 8:00 am624 views The sun just dipped below the horizon and the warm early spring air mixes with the stone-chilled currents flowing out of the mine entrances. The nets are all hung and now we are just waiting for the bats to show up. This is my first mist-netting trip, but I have been warned this will not be a typical experience. Portable, affordable, accurate, fast: Team invents new COVID-19 test May 18, 2021 4:00 am1946 views A new coronavirus test can get accurate results from a saliva sample in less than 30 minutes, researchers report in the journal Nature Communications. Many of the components of the hand-held device used in this technology can be 3D-printed, and the test can detect as little as one viral particle per 1-microliter drop of fluid. Paper: Sharp decline in women's labor force participation in Illinois due to COVID-19 May 14, 2021 8:00 am754 views The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated an existing child care crisis that disproportionately impacted and continues to affect working women, says Alison Dickson, a senior instructor in the School of Labor and Employment Relations at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Youths with diverse gender identities bullied up to three times more often than peers, study finds May 12, 2021 9:15 am931 views Transgender youths are victimized as much as three times more often than students who identify as male or female, according to a study led by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign social work professor Rachel Garthe. Illinois scholar's book describes Black struggle for land rights, reparations in Brazil May 11, 2021 9:00 am546 views African American studies professor Merle Bowen argues that rural Black residents in Brazil deserve land reparations for the ongoing appropriation of their land by the Brazilian government and private interests. Intoxication brings strangers physically closer, study finds May 10, 2021 2:00 pm896 views In a study with pandemic-related implications, researchers report that strangers who consume alcohol together may keep their distance initially – but draw physically closer as they become intoxicated. No previous studies have tested the effects of alcohol consumption on social distance, the researchers say. They report the new findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. U of I engineering professor appointed to US Department of Energy leadership role May 10, 2021 10:00 am3551 views Kathryn D. Huff, a professor of nuclear, plasma and radiological engineering in the Grainger College of Engineering, was sworn in today to a position in the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy. Illinois senior selected Knight-Hennessy Scholar May 6, 2021 8:30 am2697 views University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign senior Sriyankari Chitti is one of 76 students to be named a Knight-Hennessy Scholar, from more than 8,000 applicants around the world. Mantis shrimp-inspired camera provides second opinion during cancer surgery May 5, 2021 1:00 pm1636 views Some of the world’s greatest innovations, such as Leonardo da Vinci’s flying machine, owe their strength and elegance to natural design. Researchers from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have returned their gaze to the natural world to develop a camera inspired by the mantis shrimp that can visualize cancer cells during surgery. U of I to host new virtual summer camp for high schoolers diagnosed with autism May 5, 2021 12:15 pm1288 views The University of Illinois is offering a virtual summer camp called I Ready for high schoolers diagnosed with autism so that prospective students can learn about college life and the resources that are available on campus. Faculty members, staff, teaching assistants honored with Campus Awards for Excellence in Instruction May 4, 2021 8:00 am1684 views The Campus Awards for Excellence in Instruction were awarded to faculty members, staff and graduate teaching assistants at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign this spring for excellence in teaching, mentoring and advising. Paper: Work-refusal safety laws serve employees poorly during pandemic May 4, 2021 8:00 am843 views Current work-refusal laws are out-of-step with modern workplaces and provide meager benefits to employees who decline to work when faced with risks involving chemicals, radiation and other microscopic or invisible hazards such as COVID-19, says research from Michael LeRoy, a professor of labor and employment relations at Illinois. Previously unrecognized tsunami hazard identified in coastal cities May 3, 2021 2:00 pm1542 views A new study found overlooked tsunami hazards related to undersea, near-shore strike-slip faults, especially for coastal cities adjacent to faults that traverse inland bays. Several areas around the world may fall into this category, including the San Francisco Bay area, Izmit Bay in Turkey and the Gulf of Al-Aqaba in Egypt.