Researchers propose a unified, scalable framework to measure agricultural greenhouse gas emissions Sep 27, 2023 1:00 pm217 views Increased government investment in climate change mitigation is prompting agricultural sectors to find reliable methods for measuring their contribution to climate change. With that in mind, a team led by scientists at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign proposed a supercomputing solution to help measure individual farm field-level greenhouse gas emissions. Although locally tested in the Midwest, the new approach can be scaled up to national and global levels and help the industry grasp the best practices for reducing emissions. Science historian Naomi Oreskes to talk about how free market ideology blocks climate action Sep 27, 2023 1:00 pm113 views Naomi Oreskes, a leader in examining efforts to undermine the scientific truth on the causes of global warming, will give a Center for Advanced Study MillerComm lecture on how free market ideology is preventing action on climate change. State politics, industry drive planetary health education for K-12 students in US Sep 27, 2023 12:45 pm173 views While the climes may be a-changing, the state science standards that shape what U.S. schoolchildren learn about environmental problems are shaded by state politics, leaving many unprepared for the challenges ahead, a new study says. Women seeking credibility in health care feel ‘on trial,’ struggle with constraints of double binds Sep 27, 2023 9:45 am75 views Women with chronic, undiagnosed conditions find themselves in several double binds while laboring to establish their credibility as a patient and the legitimacy of their medical problems with their doctors and loved ones, says a new study. History professor Rosalyn LaPier featured in Ken Burns’ ‘The American Buffalo’ documentary Sep 25, 2023 4:00 pm559 views History professor Rosalyn LaPier, an enrolled member of the Blackfeet Tribe of Montana and Métis, talks about the history of the bison and their connection to Indigenous people in the new Ken Burns documentary “The American Buffalo.” What does the Kansas newspaper raid portend for free speech, journalism? Sep 21, 2023 8:00 am228 views The unsanctioned police raid on a newspaper in rural Kansas underscores the need to provide journalists with legal protections such as the recently re-introduced bipartisan Protect Reporters from Exploitive State Spying Act, says Lena Shapiro, a clinical assistant professor of law and the inaugural director of the College of Law’s First Amendment Clinic. ‘CETACEAN’ performance shows connections between whales’ environment and humans Sep 20, 2023 12:00 pm609 views Shafts of sunlight are coming through the skylights of the Stock Pavilion on the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign campus, illuminating swirls of dust stirred up as several people standing on the dirt floor uncoil ropes, pulling them taut and twirling them in circles like lassos. It looks like the setting for a rodeo, but this is a nautical environment.“CETACEAN (The Whale),” the latest multimedia performance in “The Unreliable Bestiary,” tells stories about eco-anxiety and resilience in adjusting to changing conditions. Volunteers maintain ‘first gallery’ of flowers outside Krannert Art Museum Sep 18, 2023 11:00 am641 views It’s one of the hottest days of the summer, but a dozen people have gathered with their water bottles, sun hats and gardening tools in front of Krannert Art Museum at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. They're starting early in the morning, before it gets even hotter, amid blooms of pink, purple, yellow, orange and white. They're clipping the spent flowers from zinnias and the dead leaves from day-lilies, weeding and watering. Top scientists, engineers choose startups over tech behemoths for reasons other than money Sep 18, 2023 8:00 am320 views Non-monetary benefits such as independence, autonomy and the ability to work on innovative technologies are among the key selling points for talented scientists and engineers who spurn working for a bigger technology firm in favor of a riskier startup, said Michael Roach, a professor of business administration at the Gies College of Business at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Study: YouTube did not actively direct users toward anti-vaccine content during COVID-19 Sep 15, 2023 10:45 am274 views New research led by data science experts at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and United Nations Global Pulse found that there is no strong evidence that YouTube promoted anti-vaccine sentiment during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study, published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, performed an algorithmic audit to examine if YouTube’s recommendation system acted as a “rabbit hole,” leading users searching for vaccine-related videos to anti-vaccine content Paper: Air pollution via wildfire smoke increases suicide risk in rural counties Sep 11, 2023 2:00 pm398 views A new paper co-written by Gies College of Business professor David Molitor found that air pollution via drifting wildfire smoke disproportionately elevates the risk of suicide among rural populations in the U.S. ER-positive breast cancer presents differing metabolic signatures in African American, white women Sep 11, 2023 8:00 am643 views New research finds that blood levels of amino acids may predict estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer in African American women while free fatty acid levels may predict the disease in non-Hispanic white women. Study links epigenetic changes to historic trauma in Alaska Native communities Sep 7, 2023 7:00 pm456 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Researchers investigated the relationship between historical traumatic events experienced by Alaska Native communities and epigenetic markers on genes that previous studies have linked to trauma. The new study found a similar pattern among Alaska Native participants, with specific epigenetic differences observed in those who reported experiencing the most intense symptoms of distress when reflecting on historic losses. The study also found that individuals who strongly identified with their Alaska Native heritage and participated in cultural activities generally reported better well-being. The new findings are detailed in the International Journal of Health Equity. U. of I. alum Joanne Lee Molinaro – ‘The Korean Vegan’ – to give talk, cooking demo on campus Sep 7, 2023 9:00 am456 views Joanne Lee Molinaro, known as “The Korean Vegan,” gained fame through her TikTok videos and now is a best-selling cookbook author. She’ll be on campus at Krannert Center for the Performing Arts as part of the PYGMALION Festival. IKIDS child health research gets another boost in funding Sep 5, 2023 8:00 am441 views Seven years after an initial $17.9 million award from the National Institutes of Health, the Illinois Kids Development Study at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign will receive approximately $13.7 million – awarded in two phases – to continue its work for another seven years. The money coming to Illinois is part of a national collaborative effort to explore how environmental exposures influence child development, cognition, growth and health. New paper points to better way to assess noncognitive abilities Sep 5, 2023 8:00 am410 views New research led by Bo Zhang, a professor of labor and employment relations and of psychology at Illinois, points to a better way of assessing noncognitive abilities such as personality and career interests. Illini Union Art Gallery exhibition to feature photographs of Mexican Muralism Sep 1, 2023 2:00 pm1005 views An exhibition at the Illini Union Art Gallery during September will feature photographs of artwork from the Mexican Muralism movement. T-cells infiltrate brain, cause respiratory distress in condition affecting the immunocompromised Aug 30, 2023 10:00 am302 views When an immunocompromised person’s system begins to recover and produce more white blood cells, it’s usually a good thing – unless they develop C-IRIS, a potentially deadly inflammatory condition. New research from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign has found that the pulmonary distress often associated with C-IRIS is caused not by damage to the lungs, but by newly populated T-cells infiltrating the brain. Knowing this mechanism of action can help researchers and physicians better understand the illness and provide new treatment targets. Illinois professor examines the overlooked role of food in civil rights struggle Aug 30, 2023 8:30 am686 views African American studies professor Bobby J. Smith II tells the overlooked story of how food was used as both a weapon and a tool of resistance during the Civil Rights Movement in his new book “Food Power Politics: The Food Story of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement.” Marie Watt retrospective at Krannert Art Museum builds community through art and storytelling Aug 28, 2023 11:00 am191 views Krannert Art Museum is hosting a traveling exhibition of the prints of artist Marie Watt, whose work draws on pop culture, mythology and her Native American and European ancestry. What explains labor strife among US workers? Aug 28, 2023 10:30 am188 views President Biden has been heralded as the most pro-labor president ever, but the state of U.S. labor and the labor movement in 2023 is “very agitated,” reflecting decades of stagnant wage increases and deteriorating job quality, says Robert Bruno, a professor of labor and employment relations at Illinois. Families with a team mindset strengthened their bonds during COVID-19 pandemic Aug 25, 2023 8:30 am336 views Families that perceived themselves as members of a team working for their collective benefit were more likely to improve their family's well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic, U. of I. professor Allen W. Barton found in a new study. What prompted tropical cyclone Hilary’s unusual path? Aug 24, 2023 11:30 am317 views Hilary was the first tropical storm to hit California in 84 years. Atmospheric sciences professor Deanna Hence spoke with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian about what made this storm unique and if the Southwest U.S. should expect more like it in the future. Does new Illinois law allow non-citizens to become law enforcement officers? Aug 18, 2023 8:00 am1250 views A new Illinois law that expands the eligibility for law enforcement jobs to non-U.S. citizens such as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program participants is mostly aspirational since DACA recipients aren’t legally allowed to possess firearms, says Lauren R. Aronson, a clinical professor and the director of the Immigration Law Clinic at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign College of Law. Illinois professor describes how whaling shaped U.S. culture even after petroleum replaced it Aug 14, 2023 12:30 pm394 views University of Illinois English professor Jamie L. Jones examines the massive energy transition from whale oil to fossil fuels and the continuing influence of the dying industry of whaling in her new book “Rendered Obsolete: The Afterlife of U.S. Whaling in the Petroleum Age.” How will a new Illinois law help with teaching the history of Native Americans in the state? Aug 10, 2023 11:45 am569 views A new law requiring Illinois public schools to teach Native American history will help students learn about the Indigenous people who originally occupied the land, as well as the contemporary Native American community in the state, says Illinois history professor Rosalyn LaPier. Study: People expect others to mirror their own selfishness, generosity Aug 7, 2023 8:00 am3110 views New research shows that a person’s own behavior is the primary driver of how they treat others during brief, zero-sum-game competitions. Generous people tend to reward generous behavior and selfish individuals often punish generosity and reward selfishness – even when it costs them personally. The study found that an individual’s own generous or selfish deeds carry more weight than the attitudes and behaviors of others. Sharpe named dean of U. of I. College of Law Aug 3, 2023 1:30 pm2167 views Jamelle Sharpe has been named the 14th dean of the College of Law, pending approval by the U. of I. Board of Trustees. GABA receptors in brain could be targets to treat depression and its cognitive symptoms Aug 3, 2023 10:00 am617 views A new paper spanning known data about the neurotransmitter GABA and its principal receptors showcases evidence of the receptors’ importance in depression and potential as therapeutic targets. Based on evidence from research on the receptors’ function in the brain and the drugs that can activate or inhibit them, the authors propose possible mechanisms by which GABA-modulating treatments could help address the cognitive and affective symptoms associated with depression. CAR-T immune therapy attacks ovarian cancer in mice with a single dose Aug 1, 2023 12:45 pm627 views CAR-T immune therapies could be effective against solid tumors if the right targets are identified, a new study led by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign researchers suggests. The researchers successfully deployed CAR-T in a mouse model of ovarian cancer, a type of aggressive, solid-tumor cancer that has eluded such therapies until now. What does the film 'Oppenheimer' tell us about the development of the atomic bomb? Aug 1, 2023 9:45 am1775 views “Oppenheimer” examines the process of building an organization of unprecedented scale and wrestles with how to see one individual’s decisions as relevant in the face of such a massive system, says Kevin Hamilton, the dean of the College of Fine and Applied Arts and the co-author of a book about the film studio that documented nuclear testing for the U.S. government. Team identifies key driver of cancer cell death pathway that activates immune cells Jul 31, 2023 9:00 am1770 views Scientists have identified a protein that plays a critical role in the action of several emerging cancer therapies. The researchers say the discovery will likely aid efforts to fine-tune the use of immunotherapies against several challenging cancers. They report their findings in the journal Cancer Research. How can cities use green spaces to mitigate the effects of extreme heat on vulnerable residents? Jul 25, 2023 9:15 am506 views High-quality trees and other vegetation in cities can help reduce temperatures and provide shade for residents, says University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign urban and regional planning professor Fang Fang. Should President Biden intervene in potential UPS strike? Jul 25, 2023 8:00 am359 views President Biden would likely alienate a key constituency ahead of the 2024 presidential election cycle if he used his presidential powers to intervene in a potential UPS strike, says Michael LeRoy, an expert in labor law at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. What’s at stake in Hollywood labor strikes? Jul 18, 2023 8:00 am648 views Strikes by Hollywood writers and actors are driven by the “existential concerns” posed by the proliferation of streaming services and the rise of artificial intelligence, says Michael LeRoy, an expert in labor law at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. What does the recent rebellion by armed forces in Russia mean for Putin’s future? Jul 12, 2023 1:15 pm518 views Russian president Vladimir Putin weathered a recent insurrection by the Wagner mercenary group, but the crisis has damaged his standing, said Illinois professor of Slavic languages and literatures Richard Tempest. Paper: CEO stock ownership affects medical device recall timing Jul 11, 2023 8:00 am665 views Firms whose chief executive officers also own company stock often delay the decision to recall faulty medical devices until long after they become aware of a defect, says research co-written by Ujjal Kumar Mukherjee, a professor of business administration at the Gies College of Business at Illinois. New book explores the psychology of being duped Jul 11, 2023 12:15 am742 views According to two psychologists who study memory and perception, fraudsters tend to exploit the common habits of thought and decision-making that make us susceptible – and often oblivious – to their fabrications. Their book, “Nobody’s Fool: Why We Get Taken In and What We Can Do About It,” gives readers an overview of dozens of types of scams, hoaxes and strategies used by cheaters to deceive, and explains how to evaluate their ploys and avoid becoming a victim. Team develops all-species coronavirus test Jul 6, 2023 11:00 am688 views In an advance that will help scientists track coronavirus variants in wild and domesticated animals, researchers report they can now detect exposure to the SARS-CoV-2 virus in any animal species. Most coronavirus antibody tests require specialized chemical reagents to detect host antibody responses against the virus in each species tested, impeding research across species. Fast, automated, affordable test for cement durability Jul 5, 2023 7:30 am2207 views Engineers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have developed a new test that can predict the durability of cement in seconds to minutes – rather than the hours it takes using current methods. The test measures the behavior of water droplets on cement surfaces using computer vision on a device that costs less than $200. The researchers said the new study could help the cement industry move toward rapid and automated quality control of their materials. Displays controlled by flexible fins and liquid droplets more versatile, efficient than LED screens Jun 30, 2023 1:00 pm957 views Flexible displays that can change color, convey information and even send veiled messages via infrared radiation are now possible, thanks to new research from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Engineers inspired by the morphing skins of animals like chameleons and octopuses have developed capillary-controlled robotic flapping fins to create switchable optical and infrared light multipixel displays that are 1,000 times more energy efficient than light-emitting devices. Are honey bees, wild bees still in trouble? Jun 29, 2023 8:00 am793 views A new report reveals that U.S. beekeepers lost roughly half of the honey bees they managed last year. In an interview, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign entomology professor Adam Dolezal describes the current status of bees in the U.S. Paper: Air pollution via wildfire smoke takes toll on labor markets Jun 27, 2023 8:00 am654 views A new paper co-written by team of U. of I. researchers analyzes how air pollution via the effects of drifting wildfire smoke impacts the U.S. labor market. Lean body mass, age linked with alcohol elimination rates in women Jun 26, 2023 11:45 am1222 views Women with greater lean body mass, including those with obesity or who are older, eliminate alcohol from their system faster than those of normal weight or who are younger, says research by a team at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Ancient katydid fossil reveals muscles, digestive tract, glands and a testicle Jun 26, 2023 8:00 am864 views 50 million years ago in what is now northwestern Colorado, a katydid died, sank to the bottom of a lake and was quickly buried in fine sediments, where it remained until its compressed fossil was recovered in recent years. When researchers examined the fossil under a microscope, they saw that not only had many of the insect’s hard structures been preserved in the compressed shale, so had several internal organs and tissues, which are not normally fossilized. What is the state of underwater geolocation technology? Jun 23, 2023 9:15 am925 views The loss of OceanGate's Titan submersible this week has triggered questions about how underwater craft navigate and how these vehicles can improve their geolocation abilities. Electrical and computer engineering professor Viktor Gruev spoke with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian about the current state of the science behind underwater geolocation, and some advances his team is working on now. Cave excavation pushes back the clock on early human migration to Laos Jun 21, 2023 9:45 am1190 views Fifteen years of archaeological work in the Tam Pa Ling cave in northeastern Laos has yielded a reliable chronology of early human occupation of the site, scientists report in the journal Nature Communications. The team’s excavations through the layers of sediments and bones that gradually washed into the cave and were left untouched for tens of thousands of years reveals that humans lived in the area for at least 70,000 years – and likely even longer. Cannabis use lower among Illinois teens living in ZIP codes with medical dispensaries Jun 20, 2023 8:30 am793 views Teens who live in Illinois ZIP codes with medical cannabis dispensaries are significantly less likely to use the drug, researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign found in a new study. Healthy sex life during pandemic tied to an array of sexual coping strategies Jun 15, 2023 9:15 am5866 views Some people's sex lives sizzled, while others' fizzled, early in the COVID-19 pandemic. New research by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign scholar Liza Berdychevsky may explain why. Geologists challenge conventional view of Earth’s continental history, stability with new study Jun 12, 2023 10:00 am1183 views The seemingly stable regions of the Earth’s continental plates – the so-called stable cratons – have suffered repetitive deformation below their crust since their formation in the remote past, according to new research from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. This hypothesis defies decades of conventional plate tectonics theory and begs to answer why most cratons have remained structurally stable while their underbellies have experienced significant change.