blog postsIs the new Illinois state legislative district map fair?Aug 27, 2021 8:00 am851 views The state legislative district map that was signed into law earlier this summer by Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker was based on population estimates rather than official U.S. Census data, rendering it vulnerable to legal challenges, said University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign political science professor Brian Gaines.Latinos' beliefs about social status may affect their cardiovascular health, study findsAug 19, 2021 8:45 am486 views Subjective perceptions of their social status may have stronger effects on the cardiovascular health of Hispanics and Latinos in the U.S. than objective markers such as income, according to a new study led by Lissette Piedra.Illinois history professor examines Japan's relationships with its riversAug 18, 2021 9:15 am407 views History professor Roderick Wilson looks at how the interactions between rivers, society and government helped shape Japan’s modern transformation.New book contends that local newspapers bear brunt of news media's increasing elitismJul 6, 2021 11:15 am1333 views A new book by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor Nikki Usher examines the market failure of local newspapers in the context of larger U.S. problems such as rising social inequality, geographic polarization and political discord. In “News for the Rich, White, and Blue: How Place and Power Distort American Journalism,” Usher posits that newspapers are becoming more focused on serving wealthy, white and politically liberal news consumers.Where have all the entry-level professional jobs gone?Jul 1, 2021 8:15 am880 views Various economic and political forces are reducing job opportunities for new professionals and discouraging some entering these fields or staying in the U.S. after they earn their degrees, says sociology professor Kevin Leicht.Model helps predict, analyze decision-making on adopting Type 2 diabetes medical guidelinesJun 14, 2021 8:45 am872 views A new computational framework incorporates social interactions to analyze how best to communicate about new medical guidelines to encourage their adoption.What does the Chicago Tribune sale mean for the future of newsrooms?Jun 2, 2021 8:00 am1319 views As more newspapers are purchased by “vulture” hedge funds – highlighted by the recent acquisition of Tribune Publishing Co. by Alden Global Capital LLC – University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor Brant Houston touts nonprofit news organizations as a viable alternative to traditional newspaper business models.Youths with diverse gender identities bullied up to three times more often than peers, study findsMay 12, 2021 9:15 am816 views Transgender youths are victimized as much as three times more often than students who identify as male or female, according to a study led by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign social work professor Rachel Garthe.Intoxication brings strangers physically closer, study findsMay 10, 2021 2:00 pm868 views In a study with pandemic-related implications, researchers report that strangers who consume alcohol together may keep their distance initially – but draw physically closer as they become intoxicated. No previous studies have tested the effects of alcohol consumption on social distance, the researchers say. They report the new findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.People of color hardest hit by air pollution from nearly all sourcesApr 28, 2021 1:00 pm936 views Various studies show that people of color are disproportionately exposed to air pollution in the United States. However, it was unclear whether this unequal exposure is due mainly to a few types of emission sources or whether the causes are more systemic. A new study that models peoples’ exposure to air pollution – resolved by race-ethnicity and income level – shows that exposure disparities among people of color and white people are driven by nearly all, rather than only a few, emission source types.Is it time to get rid of the filibuster in the US Senate?Apr 28, 2021 8:00 am520 views Although it’s been weakened over the years, the mere threat of a legislative filibuster in the U.S. Senate still provides swing-vote senators with a number of tactical advantages in the form of leverage, bargaining power and media attention, said U. of I. political science professor Gisela Sin.Geographies of death: Study maps COVID-19 health disparities in Greater SantiagoApr 27, 2021 9:00 am389 views People up to age 40 living in economically depressed municipalities in the Greater Santiago, Chile, metropolitan area were three times more likely to die as a result of the infection than their counterparts in wealthier areas, researchers report in the journal Science.COVID-19 mobility restrictions effective for short duration, study findsApr 22, 2021 12:00 pm665 views Attempts at restricting people’s mobility to control the spread of COVID-19 may be effective only for a short period, researchers said. A new study examines people’s mobility for seven months during the pandemic in the United States using publicly available, anonymized mobile phone data.How are social media changing higher education?Apr 22, 2021 8:00 am976 views Fear of reprisals from outraged parties on social media and unspoken rules about acceptable discourse on college campuses constrain what faculty members teach, research and discuss, says sociology professor Ilana Redstone.Social comparisons with similar people determine income's effect on happinessApr 12, 2021 2:15 pm560 views It’s the ability to compare ourselves with people of similar backgrounds who earn more and others who earn less that determines our level of happiness in states that have high wealth inequality, U. of I. sociologist Tim Liao found.Young adults may provide care for older relatives much more frequently than thoughtApr 12, 2021 9:30 am671 views Young adults and teens may provide care for adult relatives much more often than previously thought, according to a new study, though they worry about detriments to educational or career goals and would like more training and support. Partisan media sites may not sway opinions, but erode trust in mainstream pressMar 29, 2021 11:15 am668 views A study of 1,037 internet users during the 2018-19 U.S. midterm election found that partisan media don't change readers’ politics but can undermine their trust in the mainstream press.'Hunker down' stress genes boosted in women who live in violent neighborhoodsMar 11, 2021 9:00 am1100 views The chronic stress of living in neighborhoods with high rates of violence and poverty alters gene activity in immune cells, according to a new study of low-income single Black mothers on the South Side of Chicago. The changes in stress-related gene expression reflect the body’s “hunker down” response to long-term threat. This has implications for health outcomes in communities of color and other marginalized populations, said researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and collaborators.Study compares discrimination claims of younger and older Americans with cancerMar 10, 2021 8:00 am531 views Researchers assessed the employment discrimination claims made by younger and older American adults with cancer and found substantial differences in the nature – and outcomes – of their claims.Veterans see positive changes in emotional resilience after interventionMar 8, 2021 11:00 pm458 views A six-week training program designed to strengthen resilience against emotional distress in military veterans was associated with positive changes in brain function and increased confidence in their ability to regulate emotions, researchers report.Mobile app helps young adults talk with friends about risky drug, alcohol useMar 3, 2021 2:00 pm821 views A smartphone app called Harbor, created by researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, teaches young adults how to talk to a peer if they are concerned about that other person’s drinking or drug use.Virtual reality program lessens physical side effects of hemodialysisFeb 24, 2021 12:00 pm952 views A virtual reality program on mindfulness/meditation helped hemodialysis patients alleviate the physical side effects and tedium of their treatments in a new research project led by social work professor Rosalba Hernandez.Rediscovered journal brings unique perspective on Atlantic slave tradeFeb 24, 2021 11:00 am565 views The trade that brought enslaved Africans to the New World was not just a story of slave ship captains and their human cargo. Many others were part of the machinery, among them a young German barber-surgeon who kept a journal. University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign history professor Craig Koslofsky and co-author Roberto Zaugg of the University of Zurich translated his account and put it in context.Patient education program with mental health component reduces cardiovascular disease risksFeb 11, 2021 9:45 am518 views Participants in a health education program that included both mental and physical health information significantly reduced their risk factors for cardiovascular disease and maintained most of those improvements six months later.New history of photography focuses on presidentsFeb 9, 2021 12:00 pm476 views From the advent of photography to the age of social media, U.S. presidents have been among the most common subjects for the camera. So what better way to tell a story of the medium’s evolution than through those historical figures. Cara Finnegan, a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign communication professor, does just that in “Photographic Presidents: Making History from Daguerreotype to Digital,” publishing this spring.Culture shapes willingness to share personal data to reduce COVID-19 spreadJan 27, 2021 8:00 am1036 views Culture, civic-mindedness and privacy concerns influence how willing people are to share personal location information to help stem the transmission of COVID-19 in their communities, a new study finds. Such sharing includes giving public health authorities access to their geographic information via data gathered from phone calls, mobile apps, credit card purchases, wristband trackers or other technologies.COVID-19 cases, deaths in U.S. increase with higher income inequalityJan 25, 2021 9:45 am1235 views U.S. counties with higher income inequality faced higher rates of COVID-19 cases and deaths in the earlier months of the pandemic, according to a new study led by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign sociology professor Tim Liao. Counties with higher proportions of Black or Hispanic residents also had higher rates, the study found, reinforcing earlier research showing the disparate effects of the virus on those communities.Paper: Underemployment pervasive for part-time workers in IllinoisJan 14, 2021 8:00 am2290 views As many as 61% of hourly workers in Illinois are underemployed, underscoring the need for the state to adopt a fair-workweek law, says Alison Dickson, a senior instructor in the School of Labor and Employment Relations at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.Pollinators not getting the 'buzz' they need in news coverageJan 13, 2021 8:45 am859 views A dramatic decline in bees and other pollinating insects presents a threat to the global food supply, yet it’s getting little attention in mainstream news, says a new University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign study. The research is based on a search of millions of news items in the university’s Global News Index, a unique database that draws from thousands of global news sources and decades of their publications.Study: Religion, psychology share methods for reducing distressJan 8, 2021 9:00 am1802 views Religious people facing life crises rely on emotion-regulation strategies that psychologists also use, a new study finds. They look for positive ways of thinking about hardship, a practice known to psychologists as “cognitive reappraisal.” They also tend to have confidence in their ability to cope with difficulty, a trait called “coping self-efficacy.” Both have been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression.Projects explore role of social-emotional learning in healing racial woundsJan 5, 2021 2:30 pm1261 views U. of I. scholars are coordinating online parenting seminars and activities for students and staff members at two Illinois school systems that will explore the role of social and emotional learning in healing racial wounds. Efforts to combat COVID-19 perceived as morally rightDec 14, 2020 8:30 am832 views According to new research, people tend to moralize COVID-19-control efforts and are more willing to endorse human costs emerging from COVID-19-related restrictions than to accept costs resulting from other restraints meant to prevent injury or death. The level of support – and resulting outrage in response to perceived violations of this moral ideal – differs between liberals and conservatives.Study adapting HIV/AIDS behavioral interventions to mitigate COVID-19Dec 8, 2020 9:45 am797 views A research project funded by the National Institutes of Health is exploring whether interventions effective at engaging high-risk populations in HIV/AIDS testing and treatment can be adapted to mitigate COVID-19.Projects offer COVID-19 testing, explore virus transmission's social factorsDec 2, 2020 9:45 am1360 views U. of I. researchers, local clinicians and volunteers are providing pop-up COVID-19 testing clinics in Rantoul, Illinois, to essential workers and other high-risk residents, and are exploring the behavioral factors behind infection clusters.Cocoa flavanols boost brain oxygenation, cognition in healthy adultsNov 24, 2020 4:00 am5561 views The brains of healthy adults recovered faster from a mild vascular challenge and performed better on complex tests if the participants consumed cocoa flavanols beforehand, researchers report.Today's catastrophic concerns shaped by past interactions between science, cultureNov 19, 2020 12:15 pm572 views A global pandemic, wildfires and hurricanes have made 2020 a year of catastrophes. David Sepkoski’s new book “Catastrophic Thinking” looks at how current-day concerns about threats to both the planet and the human race came to be. Sepkoski is a history professor at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, specializing in the history of science.Disaster apps share personal data in violation of their privacy policiesNov 16, 2020 8:45 am423 views Information sciences professor Madelyn Sanfilippo examined popular disaster apps and found that many of them provide personal information – including a user’s location – to third parties long after a disaster has passed.Should we rethink assumptions about the 2020 election?Nov 12, 2020 12:15 pm775 views The polls prior to Election Day and other circumstances suggested to many that the presidential results would be different than they were. We may want to question some assumptions about state-level voting predictions and the role of the pandemic, says Scott Althaus, a professor of both political science and communication at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Corporations directing our attention online more than we realizeOct 29, 2020 10:15 am983 views We don’t have the control we think we do in browsing the internet. Our notion of empowerment to see and find what we choose is “an illusion,” say the authors of a study – including Illinois media professor Harsh Taneja – that analyzed browsing data on a million people over one month of internet use. Corporations are “nudging” the flow of our online attention more than we realize, and often in ways that are hidden or beyond our control.Distracted learning a big problem, golden opportunity for educators, studentsOct 13, 2020 11:00 am2005 views Experts say media multitasking negatively impacts learning, but many students believe they're immune to these effects because they're good multitaskers, according to a review paper by U. of I. professor Shelly J. Schmidt.Illinois professor part of Latino baseball project and book for SmithsonianOct 12, 2020 10:00 am593 views Baseball is as central to Latino culture as it is to the broader American culture, and Adrian Burgos Jr. helps document that history as a co-author of a book for the Smithsonian National Museum of American History. Burgos is a history professor at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign who specializes in the history of sports, in particular the role of Latinos and African Americans in baseball.Today's immigration policies rooted in long history, author saysSep 22, 2020 11:45 am1162 views No matter how one feels about current U.S. immigration policies, they did not come out of the blue but are based in a long history, says A. Naomi Paik, an Asian American studies professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. She lays out aspects of that history in a new book.In person or by mail? What to consider in choosing how to voteSep 14, 2020 10:00 am2120 views Voters this fall must determine not only who they’re voting for, but also the safest way to cast a ballot. Brian Gaines, a political science professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, maps out some risks to consider and mistakes to avoid. He also cautions against leaping to conclusions about any alleged irregularities on Election Day.Illinois archivist's prize-winning essay reveals Jewish origins of Viennese cuisineSep 9, 2020 8:45 am1114 views University of Illinois archivist Susanne Belovari won the 2020 Sophie Coe Prize for her work on the forgotten history of Viennese cuisine.Cell-autonomous immunity shaped human evolutionSep 9, 2020 8:00 am596 views Every human cell harbors its own defenses against microbial invaders, relying on strategies that date back to some of the earliest events in the history of life. Understanding this “cell-autonomous immunity” is essential to understanding human evolution and human medicine, researchers report.Have we gone too far trashing politics?Sep 8, 2020 10:00 am668 views We’ve gone too far in trashing politics, no matter how much the campaign season may prompt us to do so, says Ned O’Gorman, a communication professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Politics is a good thing, but our views of politics have become “twisted.” His recent book “Politics for Everybody” argues for “authentic politics” that focus on different people getting along and working things out, not winner-take-all.Illinois professor uses LGBTQ voices in Beirut to understand daily violence, disruptionSep 3, 2020 8:00 am593 views Ghassan Moussawi, a professor of gender and women’s studies and of sociology, examines the daily survival strategies of Beirut’s LGBTQ residents in his new book “Disruptive Situations: Fractal Orientalism and Queer Strategies in Beirut.”What’s different about recent athlete protests?Sep 1, 2020 1:45 pm507 views In the history of protest in sports, the recent strikes by professional athletes in response to the shooting of Jacob Blake in Kenosha, Wisconsin, are unprecedented, says Adrian Burgos Jr., a professor of history at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign who specializes in the history of sports. The resumption of pro sports during a pandemic has made the players’ platform even more prominent, he says, and some have used it to try to communicate their lived reality beyond their role as athletes.Quick fixes won’t stop sexual harassment in academia, experts sayAug 19, 2020 3:45 pm1015 views While many academic institutions are searching for ways to prevent sexual assault and sexual coercion among their faculty members, staff and students, they are failing to address the most common forms of gender-based harassment, say experts who study harassment and discrimination at work and in academic and health care settings. In an opinion published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the experts focus on behaviors that communicate derision, disgust or disrespect for members of one sex or gender group.Where does the U.S. withdrawal leave the World Health Organization?Aug 18, 2020 8:00 am1735 views A global response, such as that organized by the World Health Organization, is needed to control the COVID-19 pandemic, says Ian Brooks, a research scientist whose focus is global health informatics.