blog postsLong-term estrogen therapy changes microbial activity in the gut, study findsJun 19, 2018 1:15 pm849 views Long-term therapy with estrogen and bazedoxifene changes the microbial composition and activity in the gut, affecting how estrogen is metabolized, University of Illinois researchers found in a new mouse study.Study links neighborhood factors, breast cancer rates in African-American womenJun 1, 2018 10:15 am1432 views Neighborhood characteristics are associated with late-stage diagnoses and higher mortality rates among urban African-American women, a new study shows.Study: Disease-causing stomach bug attacks energy generation in host cellsMay 30, 2018 11:45 am734 views Researchers report in a new study that the bacterium Helicobacter pylori – a major contributor to gastritis, ulcers and stomach cancer – resists the body’s immune defenses by shutting down energy production within the cells of the stomach lining that serve as a barrier to infection.Workshop on perinatal depression planned for June 1-2May 24, 2018 1:45 pm457 views Women in the Champaign-Urbana area who experience perinatal depression and their health care providers will meet with an international group of experts June 1-2 in Champaign for a workshop about new methods of detecting and treating the mood disorder.3-D printed sugar scaffolds offer sweet solution for tissue engineering, device manufacturingMay 23, 2018 2:00 pm4482 views University of Illinois engineers built a 3-D printer that offers a sweet solution to making detailed structures that commercial 3-D printers can’t: Rather than a layer-upon-layer solid shell, it produces a delicate network of thin ribbons of hardened isomalt, the type of sugar alcohol used to make throat lozenges. The water-soluble, biodegradable glassy sugar structures have multiple applications in biomedical engineering, cancer research and device manufacturing.New technique can track drug and gene delivery to cellsMay 21, 2018 8:00 am1196 views University of Illinois researchers say they now know how to track and map drug and gene delivery vehicles to evaluate which are most effective at infiltrating cells and getting to their targets, insight that could guide development of new pharmaceutical agents. The researchers described their tracking system and their findings on the most effective delivery vehicles in the journal Nature Communications. Brazilians with less education more likely to report being in poor health, study findsMay 16, 2018 8:45 am583 views Brazilians with less education are more likely to self-report as being in poor health, according to a study using data from nationwide surveys distributed every five years from 1998 to 2013. The study also found that general subjective health did not improve over the study period, even though more people gained education throughout the study, indicating that other factors associated with poor education may need to be addressed to improve self-perceptions of health.For nurses in Illinois, expectation of violence ‘a fundamental part of the job,’ study saysMay 7, 2018 9:00 am898 views Workplace violence is an endemic problem for front-line health care workers in Illinois, says new research from U. of I. labor and employment relations professor Emily E. LB. Twarog.Prosthetic arms can provide controlled sensory feedback, study findsApr 26, 2018 2:45 pm2968 views Losing an arm doesn’t have to mean losing all sense of touch, thanks to prosthetic arms that stimulate nerves with mild electrical feedback. University of Illinois researchers have developed a control algorithm that regulates the current so a prosthetics user feels steady sensation, even when the electrodes begin to peel off or when sweat builds up. Study explores carbohydrates’ impact on head, neck cancersApr 12, 2018 9:30 am2537 views Consuming high amounts of carbohydrates and various forms of sugar during the year prior to treatment for head and neck cancer may increase patients’ risks of cancer recurrence and mortality, a new study reports.New camera gives surgeons a butterfly’s-eye view of cancerApr 5, 2018 9:00 am3549 views Cancer lurking in tissue could be more easily found when looking through a butterfly’s eye.Federal officials urged to increase perinatal depression treatment in minority womenMar 30, 2018 10:15 am506 views Federal funding is needed to improve diagnosis and treatment of perinatal depression in Latina and black women, according to University of Illinois kinesiology and community health professor Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo. Optimistic Latinos have healthier hearts, study findsMar 30, 2018 9:30 am349 views Latinos who are the most optimistic are more likely to have healthy hearts, according to a new study of more than 4,900 Latinos in the U.S. led by University of Illinois social work professor Rosalba Hernandez.Emotional suppression reduces memory of negative eventsMar 13, 2018 8:15 am1924 views By peering at the brains of study subjects prompted to suppress negative emotions, scientists have gained new insights into how emotional regulation influences negative feelings and memories. They hope the findings will lead to new methods to combat depression.Study yields more than a million new cyclic compounds, some with pharmaceutical potentialMar 12, 2018 8:30 am790 views Researchers say they can now produce a vast library of unique cyclic compounds, some with the capacity to interrupt specific protein-protein interactions that play a role in disease. The new compounds have cyclic structures that give them stability and enhance their ability to bind to their targets. Study links responsible behavior in high school to life success 50 years laterFeb 26, 2018 8:15 am3310 views A new study links doing one’s homework, being interested and behaving responsibly in high school to better academic and career success as many as 50 years later. This effect, reported in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, holds true even after accounting for parental income, IQ and other factors known to influence achievement, researchers report.Neuroimaging reveals lasting brain deficits in iron-deficient pigletsFeb 20, 2018 4:30 pm794 views Iron deficiency in the first four weeks of a piglet’s life – equivalent to roughly four months in a human infant – impairs the development of key brain structures, scientists report. The abnormalities remain even after weeks of iron supplementation begun later in life, the researchers found.Sleep problems in menopause linked to hot flashes, depression - and may not lastFeb 19, 2018 9:15 am1380 views A new study of middle-aged women found that sleep problems vary across the stages of menopause, yet are consistently correlated with hot flashes and depression.Tiny drug-delivering capsules could sustain transplanted insulin-producing cells for diabeticsFeb 12, 2018 9:15 am1519 views A drug-carrying microsphere within a cell-bearing microcapsule could be the key to transplanting insulin-secreting pig pancreas cells into human patients whose own cells have been destroyed by type I diabetes.Lessons in nature boost classroom engagement afterward, researchers reportJan 17, 2018 10:30 am2312 views Third-graders who spend a class session in a natural outdoor setting are more engaged and less distracted in their regular classroom afterward than when they remain indoors, scientists found in a new study.Preterm babies may suffer setbacks in auditory brain development, speechJan 15, 2018 11:00 am880 views Preterm babies born early in the third trimester of pregnancy are likely to experience delays in the development of the auditory cortex, a brain region essential to hearing and understanding sound, a new study reveals. Such delays are associated with speech and language impairments at age 2, the researchers found.Hormone therapy combination may benefit health without increasing cancer riskDec 21, 2017 11:30 am1029 views Treating ovariectomized mice with a combination of conjugated estrogens and the drug bazedoxifene triggers the expression of genes that improve metabolism and prevent weight gain – without stimulating the uterus and increasing risks of reproductive cancer, a new study at the University of Illinois suggests.Whole eggs better for muscle building and repair than egg whites, researchers findDec 20, 2017 8:30 am7088 views People who consume 18 grams of protein from whole eggs or from egg whites after engaging in resistance exercise differ dramatically in how their muscles build protein, a process called protein synthesis, during the post-workout period, researchers report in a new study. Specifically, the post-workout muscle-building response in those eating whole eggs is 40 percent greater than in those consuming an equivalent amount of protein from egg whites, the team found.Molecular beacon signals low oxygen with ultrasoundDec 8, 2017 9:00 am961 views Researchers have developed a way to find hypoxia, or low oxygen in tissue, noninvasively in real time with light and ultrasound.Exercise changes gut microbial composition independent of diet, team reportsDec 4, 2017 11:15 am8651 views Two studies – one in mice and the other in human subjects – offer the first definitive evidence that exercise alone can change the composition of microbes in the gut. The studies were designed to isolate exercise-induced changes from other factors – such as diet or antibiotic use – that might alter the intestinal microbiota.Drug-delivering nanoparticles seek and destroy elusive cancer stem cellsNov 27, 2017 10:15 am2639 views Researchers are sending tiny drug-laden nanoparticles on a mission to seek and destroy cancer stem cells.Cancer drug starts clinical trials in human brain-cancer patientsNov 27, 2017 8:30 am5361 views A drug that spurs cancer cells to self-destruct has been cleared for use in a clinical trial of patients with anaplastic astrocytoma, a rare malignant brain tumor, and glioblastoma multiforme, an aggressive late-stage cancer of the brain. This phase Ib trial will determine if the experimental drug PAC-1 can be used safely in combination with a standard brain-cancer chemotherapy drug, temozolomide.Theory: Flexibility is at the heart of human intelligenceNov 20, 2017 8:30 am4756 views Centuries of study have yielded many theories about how the brain gives rise to human intelligence. A new theory makes the case that the brain’s dynamic properties – how it is wired but also how that wiring shifts in response to changing intellectual demands – are the best predictors of intelligence in the human brain.Carefully crafted light pulses control neuron activityNov 17, 2017 9:45 am2136 views Specially tailored, ultrafast pulses of light can trigger neurons to fire and could one day help patients with light-sensitive circadian or mood problems, according to a new study in mice at the University of Illinois.Shape-shifting agent targets harmful bacteria in the stomachNov 13, 2017 2:00 pm1403 views A new shape-shifting polymer can target and kill Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the stomach without killing helpful bacteria in the gut.U. of I. program to help provide mental health services to high-need areas in IllinoisNov 9, 2017 3:15 pm805 views A newly funded U. of I. initiative is expanding the number of behavioral health providers available to care for residents in medically underserved and rural communities.Study: Serving water with school lunches could prevent child, adult obesityNov 7, 2017 8:00 am2846 views Encouraging children to drink water with their school lunches could prevent more than half a million cases of child obesity and overweight -- and trim the medical and societal costs by more than $13 billion, a new study suggests.Stem cells from muscle could address diabetes-related circulation problemsNov 6, 2017 10:45 am1905 views Stem cells taken from muscle tissue could promote better blood flow in patients with diabetes who develop peripheral artery disease, a painful complication that can require surgery or lead to amputation.Stemlike cells at tumor perimeter promote new blood vessels to feed tumor growthOct 25, 2017 1:00 pm814 views Stemlike cells at the edge of melanoma tumors secrete factors to promote blood-vessel growth, allowing the cancer to grow and spread.U. of I. nutrition scientist Sharon Donovan elected to National Academy of MedicineOct 16, 2017 9:00 am1036 views Sharon M. Donovan, a professor of nutrition and the Melissa M. Noel Endowed Chair in Nutrition and Health at the University of Illinois, was elected today (Oct. 16) to the National Academy of Medicine.Carle Illinois College of Medicine receives preliminary accreditationOct 16, 2017 12:00 am4745 views The Carle Illinois College of Medicine, the first engineering-based medical school, has received preliminary acreditation from the Liaison Committee on Medical Education and is recruiting students for its first class. Cholesterol byproduct hijacks immune cells, lets breast cancer spreadOct 12, 2017 9:30 am1069 views A cholesterol byproduct facilitates breast cancer’s spread by hijacking immune cells, a new University of Illinois study found.Study: Biomarkers as predictive of sepsis as lengthy patient monitoringSep 7, 2017 8:15 am2753 views One measurement of key biomarkers in blood that characterize sepsis can give physicians as much information as hours of monitoring symptoms, a new study found.Nutrition has benefits for brain network organization, new research findsSep 7, 2017 8:00 am5223 views A new study found that monounsaturated fatty acids are linked to general intelligence and the organization of the brain’s attention network.Study examines dietary fats’ impact on healthy, obese adultsAug 30, 2017 9:30 am1355 views Metabolically healthy obese adults consuming a diet high in unsaturated fat and low in saturated fat may be able to decrease their total cholesterol by 10 points, a new University of Illinois study suggests.Ringing in ears keeps brain more at attention, less at rest, study findsAug 24, 2017 11:15 am8132 views Tinnitus, a chronic ringing or buzzing in the ears, has eluded medical treatment and scientific understanding. A new study by University of Illinois researchers found that chronic tinnitus is associated with changes in certain networks in the brain, and furthermore, those changes cause the brain to stay more at attention and less at rest.Paper: Clinical signs best predictors of mortality in critically ill calvesAug 18, 2017 9:45 am1066 views Clinical signs may be better predictors of mortality in neonatal calves with diarrhea than blood pH levels and other laboratory findings, suggests a new study co-written by University of Illinois researcher Peter D. Constable.Slowing dangerous bacteria may be more effective than killing them, researchers reportAug 17, 2017 9:45 am2291 views A new study suggests it may be possible to slow dangerous infections by manipulating the messages microbes send to one another, allowing the body to defeat an infection without causing the bacteria to develop resistance to the treatment.Increased risk of suicide, mental health conditions linked to sexual assault victimizationAug 8, 2017 4:00 pm3206 views An analysis of nearly 200 independent studies involving more than 230,000 adult participants finds that having been sexually assaulted is associated with significantly increased risk of anxiety, depression, suicidality, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, obsessive-compulsive disorder and bipolar disorder.Media portrayals of pregnant women, new moms unrealistic, study saysAug 7, 2017 1:30 pm1385 views Media portrayals of pregnant and postpartum women tend to be unrealistic, and their focus on women's bodies may may be detrimental to women and their infants, suggests a new study by University of Illinois scholar Toni Liechty.Cognitive cross-training enhances learning, study findsJul 25, 2017 9:00 am1441 views Just as athletes cross-train to improve physical skills, those wanting to enhance cognitive skills can benefit from multiple ways of exercising the brain, according to a comprehensive new study from University of Illinois researchers.Physical activity could combat fatigue, cognitive decline in cancer survivorsJul 25, 2017 8:00 am1060 views A new study indicates that cancer patients and survivors have a ready weapon against fatigue and “chemo brain”: a brisk walk.Lutein may counter cognitive aging, study findsJul 24, 2017 12:45 pm4024 views Spinach and kale are favorites of those looking to stay physically fit, but they also could keep consumers cognitively fit, according to a new study from University of Illinois researchers.Massive simulation shows HIV capsid interacting with its environmentJul 19, 2017 8:30 am3094 views It took two years on a supercomputer to simulate 1.2 microseconds in the life of the HIV capsid, a protein cage that shuttles the HIV virus to the nucleus of a human cell. The 64-million-atom simulation offers new insights into how the virus senses its environment and completes its infective cycle.Study: Omega-3 fatty acids fight inflammation via cannabinoidsJul 18, 2017 10:00 am4769 views Chemical compounds called cannabinoids are found in marijuana and also are produced naturally in the body from omega-3 fatty acids. A well-known cannabinoid in marijuana, THC, is responsible for some of its euphoric effects, but it also has anti-inflammatory benefits. A new study in animal tissue reveals the cascade of chemical reactions that convert omega-3 fatty acids into cannabinoids that have anti-inflammatory benefits – but without the psychotropic high.